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Results 61–70 of 121
Jun 2014
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy

Biorenewable Insights: Bio-Based Acrylic Acid

Acrylic acid derived from bio-based sources can be converted into a number of chemical and polymer products—with potential to improve the GHG footprint of the process.  The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing acrylic acid via bio-based sources, and to investigate future capacities.  
Apr 2014
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Polymers and Plastics

Municipal Solid Waste: Using Our Refuse

This report characterizes the sources and current dispositions of MSW and trends, reviews policy and economic trends that are affecting the composition of the waste stream globally, and explores waste management strategies that will reduce the dependence on traditional landfilling and incineration. This report describes and analyzes the technologies and economics of recovering various material and energy resources from mixed MSW stream. It also looks at utilizing MSW fractions (such as food waste, paper and plastic) for producing energy, biofuels, and renewable chemicals, in a variety of key ways.
Dec 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Specialty Chemicals and Advanced Materials

Lactic Acid/Polylactic Acid

The chemistry, process technology, and production economics for commercial routes to lactic acid and polylactic acid (PLA) are presented.  Fermentative production of lactic acid from dextrose based on existing gypsum-producing technology is compared to a newer gypsum-free process.  Historical and projected plant capacities in different geographic regions are also provided.
Dec 2013
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Petrochemicals
Renewable Chemicals and Energy

Ethylene

This PERP provides an in-depth technology, economic, and market analysis on ethylene. Regional cost competitiveness, commercial end-use markets, chemistry review, process descriptions, and simplified PFDs are covered in the comprehensive evaluation. Technologies modeled for economic evaluation include: steam cracking (ethane, propane, butane, naphtha, and gas oil hydrocarbon feeds), methanol to olefins, and dehydration of bio-ethanol to bio-based ethylene.
Dec 2013
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Petrochemicals
Renewable Chemicals and Energy

Adipic Acid

Routes to adipic acid via KA oil, as well as emerging bio-based routes are discussed in detail. Process economics for seven technologies (including emerging bioroutes by Rennovia and Verdezyne) have been developed (China, N.W. Europe and U.S. bases). Regional market supply demand is included.
Dec 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Petrochemicals
Oil, Gas and Refined Products

Bio-Naphtha: Missing Link to the Green Chemicals Value Chain

Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.
Dec 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Petrochemicals

Bio-Butadiene

This report takes a modular approach to the plethora of potential bio-butadiene routes, which include multiple biobased and conventional catalytic steps. Technology descriptions are presented, markets are discussed and economics developed for North America, South America, Western Europe and Asia for the most promising routes.
Nov 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Petrochemicals

Biomass Gasification

This report presents a comprehensive review of commercial and emerging biomass gasification technologies and applications to power, fuels, and chemicals production.  Process descriptions are included, as well as regional economics of various feedstock types including North America, South America, Western Europe, and Asia
Nov 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy
Petrochemicals

Biobutanol and Downstream Markets: Will You Be Buying Bio?

This report analyzes the production of butanol from renewable sources and associated downstream markets.  Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biobutanol by different process technologies are compared and discussed. The various alternatives to convert biobutanols into chemical and polymer products, as well as supplying the large existing markets, are also examined.
Oct 2013
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Renewable Chemicals and Energy

Bio-Jet Fuel

This report provides a comprehensive overview of technology options for biojet fuel production.  It includes process descriptions and economics for the main routes for the best in class technology developers, as well as a discussion of market potential for North America, South America, Western Europe, and Asia.

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