This report analyzes the developments in bio-based butadiene technology. Butadiene derived from bio-based sources can be converted into a number of chemical and polymer products—with potential to improve the GHG footprint of the process. This report assesses the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing butadiene via bio-based sources, and investigates future capacities.
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This report provides an in-depth technology, economic, and market analysis of the acrylic acid and acrylate esters industry. Technologies modeled for economic benchmarking include acrylic acid via two-step propylene oxidation, acrylic acid via polypropiolactone from ethylene oxide, and overviews of developing bio-based routes. Cost of production models for the purification of crude acrylic acid to glacial acrylic acid, as well as the production of acrylate esters (esterification of acrylic acid) are also included.
This report analyzes developments in next generation bioethanol technologies. Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks are examined, including risk-adjusted future project capacities. Implications for the existing industry are examined with respect to margins and returns.
This report examines technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing aromatics, including para-xylene, via bio-based sources. Announced as well as risk-adjusted capacities are presented based upon analysis of individual projects.
Cellulosic biomass can be converted into a number of chemical and fuel products with potential to improve the GHG footprint of existing products. This study examines the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing cellulosic biofeedstocks. An analysis of the availability of agricultural residues in different regions is also included.
This report analyzes recent developments in biomass gasification technologies. Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing power, syngas, and/or chemicals via biomass gasification are examined. Planned capacities are also investigated.
Acrylic acid derived from bio-based sources can be converted into a number of chemical and polymer products—with potential to improve the GHG footprint of the process. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing acrylic acid via bio-based sources, and to investigate future capacities.
This report characterizes the sources and current dispositions of MSW and trends, reviews policy and economic trends that are affecting the composition of the waste stream globally, and explores waste management strategies that will reduce the dependence on traditional landfilling and incineration. This report describes and analyzes the technologies and economics of recovering various material and energy resources from mixed MSW stream. It also looks at utilizing MSW fractions (such as food waste, paper and plastic) for producing energy, biofuels, and renewable chemicals, in a variety of key ways.
The chemistry, process technology, and production economics for commercial routes to lactic acid and polylactic acid (PLA) are presented. Fermentative production of lactic acid from dextrose based on existing gypsum-producing technology is compared to a newer gypsum-free process. Historical and projected plant capacities in different geographic regions are also provided.
This PERP provides an in-depth technology, economic, and market analysis on ethylene. Regional cost competitiveness, commercial end-use markets, chemistry review, process descriptions, and simplified PFDs are covered in the comprehensive evaluation. Technologies modeled for economic evaluation include: steam cracking (ethane, propane, butane, naphtha, and gas oil hydrocarbon feeds), methanol to olefins, and dehydration of bio-ethanol to bio-based ethylene.