This report provides analysis of supply and demand of the global vinyls market including polyvinyl chloride, vinyl chloride monomer and ethylene dichloride with forecasts to 2035.
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The process technology and production economics for polyvinyl alcohol and its key raw material, vinyl acetate, are presented. Comparative cost of production estimates are developed for the USGC, China (acetylene and ethylene-based), Japan, Taiwan, and Western Europe. Global demand by application as well as tri-regional capacity and supply/demand/trade data is provided.
Analysis and forecast to 2035 of supply and demand of the global isopropanol markets. This analysis identifies the issues shaping the industry as well as provide demand, supply and net trade data for 40 countries.
CO2 dosing can be highly beneficial to greenhouse crop yields. This white paper covers some of the environmentally-friendly ways that CO2 dosing can be combined with geothermal energy, solar power and sea water desalination to allow nutritious fresh food to be grown in arid coastal areas around the world. Carbon capture and re-use, from sources such as refineries and bio-renewable fuels facilities, is also highlighted to ensure the sustainability of this growing method.
Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and systems provide a major opportunity for better economic benefits and enhanced energy management. This includes expected mismatches in supply and demand for cooling or heating requirements, thereby offsetting differences in time and magnitude of cooling or heating production. TES can also jointly assist in harnessing and integrating “stranded” renewable power supply through possible co-location with distributed energy resources such as based on solar and wind energy. This report provides an overview of the various developing and commercial TES technologies in the United States and includes a methodology for structuring the levelized cost of storage (LCOS).
The purpose of this report is to analyze developing technologies for the production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). Technical and economic aspects of producing FDCA through several different process routes including catalytic and enzymatic oxidation technologies utilizing different sources of sugar are explored in detail as well as unconventional technologies to produce FDCA such as the galactaric acid route. Production capacity developments, drivers for development, and commercialization obstacles are also explored.
This technology report provides a comprehensive view of Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) and Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (LAS) production technology. It includes detailed analyses of all the major technologies involved in both the production of LAB and its sulfonation to LAS, with both cost of production and sensitivity analyses. Additionally, industry trends, drivers and markets have been reviewed to provide an overview of the whole value chain.
This report provides analysis of the global EDPM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) with forecasts to 2035. This analysis will identify the issues shaping the industry as well as provide demand, supply and net trade data for 40 countries.
This TECH report concerns toluene diisocyanate (TDI), a chemical used in the production of polyurethanes. An analysis of the chemistry, technology, markets, and process economics is given.