Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and systems provide a major opportunity for better economic benefits and enhanced energy management. This includes expected mismatches in supply and demand for cooling or heating requirements, thereby offsetting differences in time and magnitude of cooling or heating production. TES can also jointly assist in harnessing and integrating “stranded” renewable power supply through possible co-location with distributed energy resources such as based on solar and wind energy. This report provides an overview of the various developing and commercial TES technologies in the United States and includes a methodology for structuring the levelized cost of storage (LCOS).
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This technology report provides a comprehensive view of Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) and Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (LAS) production technology. It includes detailed analyses of all the major technologies involved in both the production of LAB and its sulfonation to LAS, with both cost of production and sensitivity analyses. Additionally, industry trends, drivers and markets have been reviewed to provide an overview of the whole value chain.
The purpose of this report is to analyze technologies available and commercial developments for technologies that convert glycerin to other chemical products. Bio-renewable glycerin-to-chemical technologies are currently being developed for the production of bio-monomers, bio-polymers, biofuels, and chemical intermediates. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing several different products from glycerin, including: propylene, propylene glycol, propylene oxide, acrylic acid, epichlorohydrin, glycerin carbonate, glycidol, and PHAs.
Carbon fiber is a high-value product with exceptional properties (lightweight and high strength). This report reviews the commercial and developing technologies for carbon fiber production. The economics of the PAN-based and pitch-based processes have been estimated for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, Japan and China. In addition, the report discusses the motivations behind recent capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into the carbon fiber market. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.
The purpose of this report is to analyze technologies available and commercial developments for technologies that ethanol to other value added chemical and fuel products. Bio-renewable ethanol-to-chemical technologies are currently being developed for the production of bio-monomers, bio-polymers, biofuels, and chemical intermediates. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing several different products from ethanol, including: ethylene (and derivatives), butadiene, isobutylene, butanol, and gasoline among other possible products.
This report reviews the commercial and developing production technologies for solar grade polysilicon, as well as key industry, regulatory and capacity development trends. Regional cost of production estimates for commercial technologies are evaluated for plant locations in USGC, China, Europe, South Korea and Middle. Commercial applications and regional supply, demand and trade analysis are also included.
This report provides an updated overview of the technological, economic and market aspects of selected specialty polyamides, including polyamide 6,10; 12; 4,6 and copolyamide elastomers (COPA). Detailed cost of production estimates for various technologies are presented for USGC, Coastal China and Western Europe.
Process technologies and production economics for thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs) are presented. Economics were developed for ether TPUs and ester TPUs for both USGC and Coastal China, as produced by different types of reactive extrusion equipment. Regional market demand and forecasts are also provided.
The purpose of this report is to analyze technology developments in the nascent renewable/biobased electrochemicals and electrofuels sector. Utilizing renewable power and carbon dioxide, a number of renewable chemicals and fuels can be produced. Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing selected electrochemicals and electrofuels are examined, including syngas, methane, ethylene, gasoline, organic acids, 3-HPA, alcohols, ethylene glycol and hydrogen.
The purpose of this report is to analyze developments in polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) as a replacement for conventional petrochemical polymers. The purpose of this study is to assess the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing PHAs, and their relative costs by region against conventional LDPE.