This report is a comprehensive study of the lithium industry. In this study, Nexant has produced detailed analyses of the process technologies used for lithium extraction, cost of production estimates for several commercial and emerging extraction routes and sensitivity analyses for the cost of production. As well as these detailed analyses, we provide an overview of industry trends, mining methods, geology and the lithium derivatives market.
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This report provides a technical and economic review of processes for the production of ethylene dichloride (EDC) and vinyl chloride monomer VCM). Comparative economics are presented for 4 different EDC processes and 6 VCM processes in various geographic locations. Global and regional market analyses for EDC and VCM are also included.
This report provides a technical and economic review of phosphate and NPK technologies. Comparative economics for different global locations (USGC, China, and the Middle East) are presented for the production of monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, triple superphosphate, and NPK 16.5-16.5-16.5 via a slurry granulation processes, as well as the the production of NPK 16.5-16.5-16.5 using nitrophosphate technology. A regional market analysis for ammonium phosphates and triple superphosphate is also included.
The electrolysis of a sodium chloride solution produces chlorine and sodium hydroxide. In this report, electrochemical technologies and process economics for chlorine and sodium hydroxide production are discussed and evaluated. Technologies include mercury cell, diaphragm cell, membrane cell, and membrane cell integrated with oxygen diffusion electrode or fuel cell.
This techno-economic report offers a review on conventional routes to phosphoric acid and process descriptions for several licensors of phosphoric acid technologies. The report also provides economics developed for several different global locations (USGC, China, and the Middle East) for the dihydrate, hemihydrate, purified wet phosphoric acid, and thermal phosphoric acid.
This techno-economic report offers a review on commercial routes to urea by providing process descriptions for several licensors of urea technologies. The report also provides economics developed for several different global locations (USGC, North Western Europe, the Middle East, and China) for prilling and granulation routes.
The chemistry and process technology for sulfuric acid production are reviewed. Detailed descriptions and process economics are presented for the double absorption contact process and the wet sulfuric acid (WSA) contact process. Global and regional supply/demand balances are also given.
This report analyzes commercial and developing processes for the industrial production of ammonia, including a review of the main technology licensors. In-depth economics are presented for ammonia from natural gas and directly from hydrogen for world scale and large scale processes in the USGC, Western Europe and the Middle East. Additionally, a comparison of the economics of ammonia production from coal and natural gas in China is provided.
This techno-economic report offers a review of conventional routes to nitric acid and process descriptions for several licensors of nitric acid technologies. The report also provides economics developed for several different global locations (USGC, North West Europe, and the Middle East) for the conventional routes.
This report provides a technoeconomic evaluation of the titanium dioxide industry, including a review of recent technology developments by leading producers (DuPont, Cristal, Tronox, Kronos, Huntsman and Sachtleben). Also provided are cost of production estimates for the United States, Western Europe and China, as well as a comprehensive market review (including capacity and supply/demand/trade forecasts). Key downstream developments (e.g. paint formulation and nano-titanium dioxide applications) are also discussed.