Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
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Solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind are economically attractive and financially viable options to produce clean energy with no carbon emissions. Since solar PV and wind are intermittent energy sources, they inherently cannot be dispatched on a baseload basis, nor be counted on to supply peak demand.
This report will provide a comprehensive strategic analysis across the surfactants value chain including the synthetic and natural oil-based suppliers, and the formulators. In particular, the study will examine how formulators view their supply options in the prevailing feedstock environment, and what is the potential value of innovation in this value chain.
This study analyzes the technical, commercial, and environmental status of the solvent industry by its major markets and explains the drivers for using green solvents. Green solvents included in this report are a combination of biorenewable chemicals and more environmentally friendly and safer alternatives to traditional solvents.
This report analyzes developments in bio-based investment and financing. Biomaterials can be used as a number of chemical and polymer products—with potential to improve the GHG footprint of the process. The study assesses the investments by region, technology type, and status of development for the various biobased products currently being developed or in production.
This report characterizes the sources and current dispositions of MSW and trends, reviews policy and economic trends that are affecting the composition of the waste stream globally, and explores waste management strategies that will reduce the dependence on traditional landfilling and incineration. This report describes and analyzes the technologies and economics of recovering various material and energy resources from mixed MSW stream. It also looks at utilizing MSW fractions (such as food waste, paper and plastic) for producing energy, biofuels, and renewable chemicals, in a variety of key ways.
Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.
This report analyzes the production of butanol from renewable sources and associated downstream markets. Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biobutanol by different process technologies are compared and discussed. The various alternatives to convert biobutanols into chemical and polymer products, as well as supplying the large existing markets, are also examined.
The purpose of this report is to analyze biofeedstocks as a source of renewables. Biofeedstocks can be converted into a number of chemical and polymer products through technologies such as fermentation, gasification, pyrolysis, catalysis, among others. This study assesses the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biofeedstocks as well as providing supply estimates.
The report analyzes the conventional carbohydrate crops against cellulosic biomass from a number of sources, exploring the opportunities for cellulosics to replace conventional carbohydrate crops as feedstocks for chemicals and fuels from renewable sources.