Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
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This report examines the environment in which China's refining industry operates, including the key economic and market drivers spurring shifts in refined product demand, and presents projections of potential product demand trends to 2030. In addition, the historical and projected development of refining capacity and output in the country is addressed, alongside implications for China's net trade position for the key refined products. Finally, analysis is presented of the independent and state-owned refining sectors, the competitiveness of Chinese refineries, and the issue of integration between refineries and petrochemical production.
This report considers the availability, now and in the future, of natural gas as a C1 chemicals feedstock both for the key existing markets and potential future markets. Gas prices are projected through to 2040 based on the global gas outlook and the current and prospective pricing is then used to consider the comparative economics for the key chemicals for the different markets.
This report analyzes increases in refining capacity in the Middle East and their impact on both existing local refining assets and global refining centers. A competitive analysis of archetypal refineries provides valuable insight into future profitabilities and margins both within the region and in competitor refining centers. The interesting conundrum of meeting domestic demand and national initiatives while remaining competitive is also examined.
The evolving shale gas boom in the U.S. looks set to be rivalled by China, which sits on the world’s largest shale reserves, based on current technology. This study provides a detailed analysis of China’s Shale gas developments and highlights the potential outlook and opportunities for China’s petrochemicals sector. A comprehensive analysis of China’s evolving shale gas sector covering details on key players active across the value chain including exploration, production, processing, delivery and marketing is provided. Petrochemical landscape developments review the impact of shale gas on major chemicals value chains, focusing on ethylene and propylene derivatives.
This report considers the availability, now and in the future, of natural gas as a C1 chemicals feedstock both for the key existing markets and potential future markets, and looks in detail at the pricing of gas in each of these markets. The current and prospective pricing is then used to consider the comparative economics for the key chemicals for the different markets.
Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.
Through an analysis of fracking fluids in 5,100 shale gas and tight oil wells in the U.S., Nexant's multi-client study profiles the impact of North American shale development and regulations on: average and median chemical consumption per well, frequency of use, purpose, market size, value, and trends.
This study takes a long-term strategic view of the global market out to 2030 covering the prospects for gas supply and demand, infrastructure investment in gas pipelines, storage and LNG facilities, as well as international gas trade and wholesale gas prices. Three scenarios are considered which are designed to test what might happen under different market states: broad balance, supply surplus, and supply deficit. Projections are based using Nexant's propreitary World Gas Model.
This study analyzes the economics of an integrated coal-based gasification complex producing electric power via IGCC technology and chemical derivatives.