Electric Vehicles (EVs) have gained significant momentum in recent years, supported by regulatory incentives, changing consumer perception and the willingness of much of the auto manufacturing industry to throw its weight behind the development of affordable electric models in large numbers. So, how will the growth of EVs impact the mining, oil and gas, petrochemical/ polymers industries? Will supply be able to adapt fast enough or become a limiting factor in EVs growth?
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The emergence and rapid growth of electrically-powered road vehicles has become a key issue for consideration when assessing the outlook for refined products demand. At this early stage of development, forecasts of the extent to which electric vehicles will play a role in future transport fleets vary widely, thanks to a complex set of interdependent market drivers, each of which is subject to considerable uncertainty. Based on these varying drivers, this report will provide a range of scenarios for EV fleet growth, and assess their potential impact on the consumption of gasoline and diesel.
Although hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, it does not exist in nature in in its pure form and needs to be extracted from different (often very strong) molecules (e.g. water or hydrocarbons). This usually results in expensive (energy intensive) production economics. This report examines possible demand scenarios where hydrogen will be adopted as an energy carrier in various “new” applications and what it will take to actually produce this amount of hydrogen from an economic and market perspective. Conclusions are drawn on the realistic implementation of hydrogen as an energy carrier, especially in the transportation sector.
In order to power their economies and feed their growing populations, African nations must bring more of the continent's generous natural gas reserves out of the ground. They must balance incentives to turn some of that gas into fertilizers the agricultural sector so dearly needs.
This report examines the environment in which China's refining industry operates, including the key economic and market drivers spurring shifts in refined product demand, and presents projections of potential product demand trends to 2030. In addition, the historical and projected development of refining capacity and output in the country is addressed, alongside implications for China's net trade position for the key refined products. Finally, analysis is presented of the independent and state-owned refining sectors, the competitiveness of Chinese refineries, and the issue of integration between refineries and petrochemical production.
This report considers the availability, now and in the future, of natural gas as a C1 chemicals feedstock both for the key existing markets and potential future markets. Gas prices are projected through to 2040 based on the global gas outlook and the current and prospective pricing is then used to consider the comparative economics for the key chemicals for the different markets.
This report analyzes increases in refining capacity in the Middle East and their impact on both existing local refining assets and global refining centers. A competitive analysis of archetypal refineries provides valuable insight into future profitabilities and margins both within the region and in competitor refining centers. The interesting conundrum of meeting domestic demand and national initiatives while remaining competitive is also examined.
The evolving shale gas boom in the U.S. looks set to be rivalled by China, which sits on the world’s largest shale reserves, based on current technology. This study provides a detailed analysis of China’s Shale gas developments and highlights the potential outlook and opportunities for China’s petrochemicals sector. A comprehensive analysis of China’s evolving shale gas sector covering details on key players active across the value chain including exploration, production, processing, delivery and marketing is provided. Petrochemical landscape developments review the impact of shale gas on major chemicals value chains, focusing on ethylene and propylene derivatives.
This report considers the availability, now and in the future, of natural gas as a C1 chemicals feedstock both for the key existing markets and potential future markets, and looks in detail at the pricing of gas in each of these markets. The current and prospective pricing is then used to consider the comparative economics for the key chemicals for the different markets.
Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.