The process technology and production economics for polyvinyl alcohol and its key raw material, vinyl acetate, are presented. Comparative cost of production estimates are developed for the USGC, China (acetylene and ethylene-based), Japan, Taiwan, and Western Europe. Global demand by application as well as tri-regional capacity and supply/demand/trade data is provided.
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CO2 dosing can be highly beneficial to greenhouse crop yields. This white paper covers some of the environmentally-friendly ways that CO2 dosing can be combined with geothermal energy, solar power and sea water desalination to allow nutritious fresh food to be grown in arid coastal areas around the world. Carbon capture and re-use, from sources such as refineries and bio-renewable fuels facilities, is also highlighted to ensure the sustainability of this growing method.
Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and systems provide a major opportunity for better economic benefits and enhanced energy management. This includes expected mismatches in supply and demand for cooling or heating requirements, thereby offsetting differences in time and magnitude of cooling or heating production. TES can also jointly assist in harnessing and integrating “stranded” renewable power supply through possible co-location with distributed energy resources such as based on solar and wind energy. This report provides an overview of the various developing and commercial TES technologies in the United States and includes a methodology for structuring the levelized cost of storage (LCOS).
This technology report provides a comprehensive view of Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) and Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (LAS) production technology. It includes detailed analyses of all the major technologies involved in both the production of LAB and its sulfonation to LAS, with both cost of production and sensitivity analyses. Additionally, industry trends, drivers and markets have been reviewed to provide an overview of the whole value chain.
This TECH report concerns toluene diisocyanate (TDI), a chemical used in the production of polyurethanes. An analysis of the chemistry, technology, markets, and process economics is given.
This techno-economic report offers a review of chemistry, properties, technology, and development trends of Methyl Methacrylate. The report provides economics for Methyl Methacrylate for several different global locations (USGC, Western Europe, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia) under a consistent second quarter 2018 price scenario. The report also provides a regional market analysis.
The process technology and economics for making polymer grade propylene via enhanced FCC processes are assessed. Several enhanced FCC technologies are described. FCC unit economics are compared for the enhanced FCC technologies versus conventional FCC operations with ZSM-5 additive.
The revolution in battery technologies has caused a sharp acceleration in the demand growth for lithium and the trend is expected to continue. Producers and technology licensors have invested significantly in the development of newer lithium extraction technologies. Nexant provides a brief analysis of the emerging technologies and a more in-depth case study looking at Nemaska Lithium.
This report is a comprehensive study of the lithium industry. In this study, Nexant has produced detailed analyses of the process technologies used for lithium extraction, cost of production estimates for several commercial and emerging extraction routes and sensitivity analyses for the cost of production. As well as these detailed analyses, we provide an overview of industry trends, mining methods, geology and the lithium derivatives market.
Carbon fiber is a high-value product with exceptional properties (lightweight and high strength). This report reviews the commercial and developing technologies for carbon fiber production. The economics of the PAN-based and pitch-based processes have been estimated for plants located in the United States, Western Europe, Japan and China. In addition, the report discusses the motivations behind recent capacity additions and provides a high-level analysis of the business and strategic considerations as well as the technology availability from the perspective of a company entering or expanding into the carbon fiber market. This analysis is underpinned by a review of end-use sector consumption as well as regional market dynamics.